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Egypt is a transcontinental country in north eastern Africa and the western tip of Asia.The area has one of the longest histories of mankind, with evidence of an agricultural culture dating back to 10,000 BC.acrostolium An ornamental curved extension of the stem post on the prow of a galley, sometimes with the addition of a carved animal's head in front. acroterium or acroterion An ornament, such as a decorative knob or a statue, on the pediment of a temple or other building. The plural is "acroteria." AE or Æ An abbreviation used in coin descriptions meaning that the coin is of base metal or alloy, that is, not silver or gold; usually copper, brass or bronze.Galleys were often used on ancient coins to symbolise sea power or the successful completion of a journey. When used with a number, as in "AE23," "AE3" and so on, it indicates the size of the coin. The abbreviation AE is derived from the Latin word aes. aegis or ægis A small leather cloak, or sometimes a shield, with the head or mask of Medusa (a gorgoneion) mounted on it.At this time, this page is far from complete with many even common mint marks missing, but it will help you identify all of the rules and many of the mint marks.Images on this page represent types only, and bear no relationship to actual sizes.True paper money became a major form of currency during the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127) with the issuance of the Jiao Zi (交子) and Qian Yin (钱引), and paper currency then continued under the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279) which issued the Hui Zi () and Guan Zi (关子).The Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) issued paper money known as Jiao Chao (交钞) and Bao Quan (宝券), and the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) and Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) continued the issuing of paper money with the Bao Chao (宝钞).
Represented on Roman Alexandrian coins as a serpent, often bearded, sometimes wearing the skhent, the double crown of Egypt.
For Greek coins, the number identifies the diameter of the coin in millimetres. Shown sometimes by itself, sometimes worn or carried by Athena.